Not wearing a seatbelt can be the difference between life and death for you, as it was for Tata sons former chairman Cyrus Mistry

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On September 4th we lost one of the most promising business leaders, a man with a mission, and the Former Tata sons chairman Cyrus Mistry in a car crash. There were four people in the car at the time of the crash of whom two passed away, Cyrus Mistry, and Jahangir Binshah Pandole. Both of them were sitting on the rear seats. The other two who were injured are identified as the managing director and CEO of JM Financial private equity Darius Pundole, and a top doctor at Breach Candy Hospital Anahita Pandole. Both are undergoing treatment.

Cyrus Mistry was in a Mercedes GLC, the car has a safety rating of 5 star and has 7 airbags but still the crash proved fatal but, why?

It has been reported that both Cyrus Mistry and Jahangir Pandole were not wearing seatbelt at the time of crash. Which was one of the primary reasons for the crash being fatal along with error in judgement etc. Even though the car had 7 airbags, not wearing a seatbelt is what ultimately was fatal.

When a vehicle is traveling it has some kinetic energy which is transferred to the passengers of the vehicle, and as a result during the crash a person can feel upwards of 40 G force. To put it into perspective it is 10 times what astronauts feel when going to the moon.

The airbags in the vehicle are designed to absorb this force during a crash, in order to minimise the damage to the passengers in the car. But the airbags are only effective as long as the person is wearing a seatbelt properly.

What happens when a person is not wearing a seatbelt during a car crash.

When a person gets in a car crash without wearing a seatbelt, the car suddenly stops but the person still keeps moving inside the car and as a result he/she is launched at the windshield.

The kinetic energy of the car is then transferred into the person, and if the car is going over 30km/h the kinetic energy is enough to break bones, severely injure or even kill the person.

The force of 40 G would make a person weighing 80 kg launch towards the windshield with a weight of 3200 Kgs. If the person is on the back seat he would be launched at the person in the front seat with a good chance of it being fatal for both people.

What happens when a person is wearing a seatbelt during a car crash.

During the crash if the person is wearing a seat belt he/she would remain in his place as the airbags deploy, and the airbags then would absorb the kinetic energy of the car which could otherwise prove fatal to the person.

The main goal of seat belts is to protect the person traveling in case of a collision, during a collision. Seat belts keep you place, when the airbags are deployed the person is able to use them to cushion himself from the impact.

WHO(World health organization) has said according to the research, wearing a seatbelt for the person on the front seats reduces the chance of death and serious injury by almost 45%, and by almost 25% for the person sitting on the rear seats.

What are the safest cars during an accident?

The safest car during an accident of two cars is the bigger car, but if we are talking about car crashing into dividers, and other things,

Then the cars that can dissipate the kinetic energy of the car fastest before it reaches the passengers are safer. The electric cars in this regard are best as they do not have an engine in the front, so it can be specially designed to crumble in a way that protects its passengers.

Cars designed by Tesla are the best in this regard, on top of that most Tesla cars have battery packs at the bottom that gives them a low center of gravity, saving them from rolling over during a crash.

So electric cars are good for both the environment and the person driving them.

But the electric cars would make virtually zero difference if you do not follow road safety rules and regulations, and Wear your seatbelts properly 

To learn about what Niti Ayog is doing to help increase the ease of using electric modes of transportation.