India’s G20 Presidency: A SWOT Analysis



The G20, comprising the world’s major economies, plays a crucial role in shaping global economic policies. In this journal, we conduct a SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) analysis of India’s presidency in the G20. India, a rising global power, assumed the presidency in 2023. This analysis explores the internal and external factors that may influence India’s performance and impact during its tenure.

The Group of Twenty (G20) is a premier international forum that brings together major economies to discuss and coordinate global economic policies. India, with its burgeoning economy and geopolitical significance, assumed the presidency of the G20 in 2023. This journal aims to conduct an in-depth SWOT analysis of India’s G20 presidency, shedding light on the potential strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats facing the country in this crucial role.


Economic Resilience: India has demonstrated resilience in the face of global economic challenges, showcasing its ability to withstand shocks and adapt to changing circumstances.

Demographic Dividend: India’s large and youthful population offers a significant demographic dividend, potentially contributing to economic growth and innovation.

Diverse Economy: India’s diverse economy encompasses sectors such as IT, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, and manufacturing, providing a strong foundation for cooperation and innovation within the G20.

Strategic Location: Geographically, India occupies a strategic position, bridging Asia and the Middle East. This location can facilitate trade and economic partnerships.

Political Stability: India’s democratic system and political stability provide a conducive environment for initiating and implementing policies.


Economic Inequality: Despite its economic growth, India faces significant income inequality, which could be a subject of criticism within the G20.

Infrastructure Deficit: Infrastructure development lags behind, hindering economic growth and potential foreign investments.

Bureaucratic Hurdles: India’s bureaucracy can be cumbersome, potentially slowing down the implementation of policies and reforms.

Environmental Challenges: India faces environmental issues, including air pollution and water scarcity, which may affect its standing in discussions on sustainable development.

Border Disputes: Ongoing border disputes with neighboring countries, such as China and Pakistan, may distract from the G20 presidency’s focus on economic matters.


Global Vaccine Production: India’s pharmaceutical industry can play a crucial role in global vaccine production, addressing the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and future health crises.

Trade and Investment: As a growing market, India can attract foreign investments and expand its trade partnerships within the G20.

Technology and Innovation: India’s IT and innovation sectors can contribute to discussions on digital transformation and technological advancement.

Climate Leadership: India can assert itself as a leader in climate action by adopting sustainable practices and advocating for global climate goals.

Global Supply Chains: India can diversify global supply chains, reducing dependency on a single source and enhancing resilience.


Geopolitical Tensions: Political tensions with neighboring countries, such as China and Pakistan, could spill over into G20 discussions and hinder cooperation.

Economic Challenges: India faces economic challenges such as inflation, fiscal deficits, and unemployment, which may impact its ability to lead effectively.

Pandemic Uncertainty: Ongoing uncertainty related to the COVID-19 pandemic could divert attention and resources from other pressing global issues.

Protectionism: Rising protectionist sentiments in various G20 nations may hinder free trade agreements and economic cooperation.

Environmental Degradation: Failure to address environmental issues could lead to international criticism and impact India’s reputation.

India’s presidency of the G20 presents both opportunities and challenges. Its strengths, including economic resilience and a diverse economy, position it well to lead discussions on global economic recovery. However, addressing weaknesses like economic inequality and infrastructure deficits will be crucial for sustained success. Seizing opportunities in vaccine production, trade, technology, and climate action can enhance India’s global standing. Meanwhile, managing geopolitical tensions and economic challenges will be vital to ensuring a productive and impactful G20 presidency. India’s ability to navigate these factors will ultimately determine the success of its tenure as the leader of this influential international forum.

Disclaimer: The thoughts and opinions stated in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or positions of any entities represented and we recommend referring to more recent and reliable sources for up-to-date information.