Set Priorities to Prepare for the Global Economy That’s Emerging


A new government will soon take charge at the center. Hopefully, India’s new government will have a long-term vision and the courage to think outside the box. Nothing less will do to prepare India for the emerging new global economy, driven by fundamental, disruptive technological changes that are gathering momentum.

There have been periods in history when such fundamental technological change has had a profound, pervasive impact on the way we live and work. The first industrial revolution triggered by the coal-powered steam engine, electricity, the oil-powered transport revolution, and the computer and communication revolutions are illustrations of such disruptive technological change in modern history. Today, two such transformations are simultaneously underway: the energy transition and the digital transformation.

The Energy Transition

1. *Shift to Renewable Energy*

The global shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydroelectric power is accelerating. For India, which is highly dependent on coal for electricity generation, this transition presents both a challenge and an opportunity. The country must invest heavily in renewable energy infrastructure, including large-scale solar farms, wind turbines, and smart grids that can handle variable energy inputs. Policies that incentivize private sector investment in renewables and remove bureaucratic hurdles will be crucial.

2. *Energy Storage and Efficiency*

Efficient energy storage solutions, such as advanced battery technologies, are essential to overcome the intermittent nature of renewable energy. India must prioritize research and development (R&D) in this area to develop cost-effective and efficient storage solutions. Additionally, enhancing energy efficiency in industrial, commercial, and residential sectors can significantly reduce overall energy demand, making the transition smoother.

3. *Electric Mobility*

The transition to electric vehicles (EVs) is another critical component of the energy transition. India must create an ecosystem that supports the widespread adoption of EVs, including establishing charging infrastructure, offering incentives for EV purchases, and promoting domestic manufacturing of EV components. This shift will reduce dependence on imported oil, decrease greenhouse gas emissions, and improve urban air quality.

The Digital Transformation

1. *Digital Infrastructure*

A robust digital infrastructure is the backbone of a modern economy. India must invest in high-speed internet connectivity, particularly in rural and remote areas, to ensure that all citizens can participate in the digital economy. The expansion of 5G networks will enable faster and more reliable communication, supporting innovations such as the Internet of Things (IoT), autonomous vehicles, and smart cities.

2. *Artificial Intelligence and Automation*

Artificial intelligence (AI) and automation are transforming industries worldwide. India needs to embrace these technologies to remain competitive. This involves investing in AI research, fostering innovation hubs, and creating a regulatory framework that encourages ethical AI development and use. While automation may displace some jobs, it will also create new opportunities in AI development, data analysis, and technology maintenance.

3. *Digital Literacy and Skills Training*

To leverage the benefits of digital transformation, India must prioritize digital literacy and skills training. Educational institutions should integrate digital skills into their curricula, and vocational training programs should focus on equipping workers with the skills needed for the digital economy. Public-private partnerships can play a crucial role in developing these training programs and ensuring they meet industry demands.

Policy Framework for the Emerging Global Economy

1. *Innovation and R&D Investment*

A strong focus on innovation and R&D is essential for India to lead in the emerging global economy. The government should increase funding for scientific research and create incentives for private sector R&D investments. Establishing research clusters and innovation parks can facilitate collaboration between academia, industry, and government, fostering an environment conducive to breakthroughs in technology and processes.

2. *Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)*

Aligning economic policies with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will ensure that growth is inclusive and sustainable. Policies should aim to reduce inequality, promote gender equality, improve education and healthcare, and ensure access to clean water and sanitation. By integrating SDGs into economic planning, India can achieve balanced growth that benefits all segments of society.

3. *Regulatory Reforms*

Streamlining regulations and reducing bureaucratic red tape can significantly enhance the ease of doing business in India. Simplifying tax codes, improving contract enforcement, and ensuring transparency in government procurement processes will attract foreign investment and encourage domestic entrepreneurship. Regulatory reforms should also address emerging challenges such as data privacy, cybersecurity, and ethical AI use.

4. *Trade and Investment Policies*

In an increasingly interconnected world, India must adopt trade and investment policies that promote international cooperation and competitiveness. This includes negotiating favorable trade agreements, reducing tariffs, and encouraging foreign direct investment (FDI) in key sectors. By positioning itself as an attractive destination for global investors, India can spur economic growth and create job opportunities.

Addressing Social and Economic Disparities

1. *Inclusive Growth*

To ensure that the benefits of economic growth are widely shared, India must focus on inclusive growth strategies. This involves creating job opportunities in diverse sectors, promoting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and supporting rural development. Social safety nets, such as unemployment benefits and universal healthcare, can protect vulnerable populations during economic transitions.

2. *Education and Healthcare*

Investing in education and healthcare is fundamental to long-term economic prosperity. Quality education systems that foster critical thinking and creativity will prepare the workforce for future challenges. Additionally, accessible and affordable healthcare services will improve overall productivity and quality of life. The government should prioritize funding for public education and healthcare infrastructure, particularly in underserved regions.

3. *Urbanization and Smart Cities*

As urbanization accelerates, India must manage the growth of its cities sustainably. Developing smart cities with integrated technology solutions can improve urban living conditions, reduce congestion, and enhance resource management. Urban planning should focus on creating green spaces, efficient public transportation systems, and resilient infrastructure to accommodate growing populations.

## Preparing for the emerging global economy requires a multi-faceted approach that embraces technological advancements, promotes sustainable development, and addresses social and economic disparities. India’s new government must have the vision and courage to implement forward-thinking policies that foster innovation, inclusivity, and resilience.

The energy transition and digital transformation present unprecedented opportunities for growth and development. By investing in renewable energy, digital infrastructure, and human capital, India can position itself as a leader in the global economy. Regulatory reforms, trade policies, and social safety nets will further ensure that economic progress is sustainable and benefits all citizens.

As history has shown, periods of profound technological change can transform societies and economies. With the right priorities and policies, India can harness the potential of these transformations to create a prosperous and equitable future.


Disclaimer: The thoughts and opinions stated in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or positions of any entities represented and we recommend referring to more recent and reliable sources for up-to-date information.